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The Presidential $1 Coin Program

The United States is honoring our Nation’s presidents by issuing $1 dollar circulating coins featuring their images in the order that they served, beginning with Presidents Washington, Adams, Jefferson and Madison in 2007. The United States Mint will mint and issue four Presidential $1 Coins per year, and each will have a reverse design featuring a striking rendition of the Statue of Liberty. These coins will feature larger, more dramatic artwork, as well as edge-incused inscriptions of the year of minting or issuance, "E Pluribus Unum," "In God We Trust" and the mint mark. Although the size, weight and metal composition of the new Presidential $1 Coin will be identical to that of the Sacagawea Golden Dollar, there are several unique features that make this coin distinctive.

Edge-Incused Inscriptions

The edge-incused inscriptions found on Presidential $1 Coins The edge-incused inscriptions found on Presidential $1 Coins include the year of minting or issuance, "E Pluribus Unum," "In God We Trust" and the mint mark. However, there are two processes for producing the edge-incused lettering and each produces a different result. Due to the minting process used on the circulating and "uncirculated" quality coins, the edge-incused inscription positions will vary with each coin.

The Presidential $1 Coins are inscribed on the edge without regard to their "heads" or "tails" orientation. In addition, the location of the inscriptions around the circumference of the coin with relation to the obverse and reverse designs will vary as well. This is because the United States Mint incuses these inscriptions on the edge of each coin at the second step of a two-step coining process.

In the first step, the blanks are fed into a coining machine which strikes the obverse and reverse designs onto the coins, and dispenses the coins into a large bin. In the second step, the bin is transported to the edge-incusing machine, into which the coins are fed at random, without regard to their "heads" or "tails" orientation.

Therefore, statistically, approximately one-half of the coins produced will have edge-lettering oriented toward the "heads" side (obverse), and approximately one-half of the coins will have the edge-incused inscriptions oriented toward the "tails" side (reverse).

The Sacagawea dollar coin will still be made along side the four new President $1 coins. The Presidential $1 Coin Program will run for about 10 years beginning in 2007. It honors all the past Presidents of the United States who have been dead for at least two years, in the order in which they served in office.  Circulating beside the Sacagawea dollar coin, four new Presidential $1 coins will be struck every year, as listed below.

An image of the Statue of Liberty will appear on the back of each coinFor each President, the front of the coin will feature the President's portrait, name, and years the President's term began and ended.  An image of the Statue of Liberty will appear on the back of each coin.


The United States Mint Presidents dollars in 2007 are Washington, Adams, Jefferson and Madison.

2007 obverse designs

George Washington - After the Constitution of the United States went into effect, George Washington was elected to serve as the first President of the United States.  This former Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War served two terms as President, from 1789 to 1797.

President Washington held the country's first Cabinet meeting.  This Cabinet included Alexander Hamilton, our first Secretary of the Treasury, and Thomas Jefferson, the first Secretary of State.  President Washington himself laid the cornerstone for the United States Capitol building in Washington, DC, on September 18, 1793.

John Adams - Was born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1735.  He graduated from Harvard University to become a lawyer, then represented Massachusetts in both the First and Second Continental Congresses.  Adams was one of the first to speak out in favor of independence for the American colonies.

During the Revolution, Adams used his skills as a diplomat to represent the United States government in France and Holland.  He helped to convince other countries to support American independence.  Then he served eight years as Vice President under George Washington before being elected President himself in 1797.

Thomas Jefferson - was not known for speaking in public.  In fact, he was sometimes called the "silent member" of the Continental Congress, where he represented Virginia, his home state.  But he was certainly good with a pen.  Among his other writings, Jefferson wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence.

After serving as America's foreign minister to France, he was elected the country's third President.  He led the way in the purchase of Louisiana from France in 1803, doubling the country's land area.  This purchase and the group he sent to explore the new lands are the events that the Westward Journey Nickel Series™ celebrated 200 years afterward.

James Madison - studied both history and law at Princeton University (then called the College of New Jersey).  Afterward, he returned to Virginia to help craft Virginia's Constitution and to help lead the Virginia Assembly.

After the American Revolution, Madison played a major role in setting the course for the new country and its government.  Madison helped write the Federalist Papers, a series of 85 essays that encouraged people to accept the United States Constitution and make it law.  He urged Congress to pass the Bill of Rights as well.

The new United States Presedent dollars for 2008 are James Monroe, John Quince Adams, Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren.

James Monroe - Virginia native was overwhelmingly elected the 5th President of the United States.  Monroe, you see, fought in the Revolutionary War; supported the Bill of Rights; and served as a US diplomat in Europe, as governor of Virginia, as senator, as secretary of state, as secretary of war, and as a negotiator of the Louisiana Purchase.  His experience made him an excellent candidate for the presidency.

As president, Monroe laid the foundation for American foreign policy in an 1823 message to Congress.  This policy, which warned European powers against expanding in the Western Hemisphere, became known as the Monroe Doctrine.

To keep the balance between free states and slave states, he helped devise the Missouri Compromise.  The Compromise also set a boundary line across the country.  Above that line (36 degrees 30 minutes north latitude), no Louisiana territory could introduce slavery.

John Quince Adams - The sixth President of the United States, John Quincy Adams grew up in the world of politics.  His parents were Abigail Adams and her husband John, the nation’s second president.  As a child, John Quincy often went to Europe with his father, who served as a diplomat there during the American Revolution. 

Adams’s election was only by a slim margin.  It was finally decided in the House of Representatives by one vote.  As president, Adams helped to boost the economy and make it easier to trade among the states by setting up a system of roads and canals.  For example, the Cumberland Road was extended into Ohio.

Adams ran for a second term as president, but lost the election.  He then went on to serve in the House of Representatives for nine terms!  He and the 17th president, Andrew Johnson, are the only two former presidents (so far) who later served in Congress.

Andrew Jackson - was the first president elected from a state west of the Appalachian Mountains (Tennessee).  At the age of 13, he served a South Carolina regiment during the Revolutionary War.  Jackson later became famous as a hero of the War of 1812.  His sternness as a commander earned him the nickname “Old Hickory.”

As president, Jackson worked to strengthen the executive branch and vetoed more bills than the six prior presidents combined.  He was chosen to run for a second term, but in a different way from previous presidents.  Instead of Congress holding a special meeting to pick a candidate, Jackson’s party held a convention.  Jackson was elected for a second term.

He strongly believed in the power of the federal government over states’ rights so the country could stay united.  During Jackson’s term, Congress enacted a tariff on certain goods.  When one state didn’t agree with the tariff, Jackson took a strong stand against the state’s refusal to pay.

President Jackson authorized three new branches of the United States Mint in 1835.  The branches were opened in the Southern cities of New Orleans (Louisiana), Charlotte (North Carolina), and Dahlonega (Georgia).

Martin Van Buren - was the first president who was born an America citizen, the first from the state of New York, and the first whose parents were Dutch rather than British.  His interest in politics began at his father’s tavern in Kinderhook, New York, where politicians like Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr would stop as they traveled.

He served in the United States Senate and was governor of New York before he became Andrew Jackson’s secretary of state.  He served as vice president during Jackson’s second term and was easily elected president in 1837.

Rather than allowing federal funds to be held in a national bank or even in state banks, Van Buren insisted on creating a federal treasury system for that purpose.  He also headed off disagreements with Great Britain, keeping the country out of war.  But an economic depression had taken hold soon after he entered office and it lasted for most of his term.  He lost the election to a second term in 1841.

The United States Presidents for 2009 are, William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, James K. Polk and Zachary Taylor.

William Henry Harrison -  led troops to victory in the Battle of the Thames and the Battle of Tippecanoe (against American Indians), which earned him the nickname “Old Tippecanoe.” was born in Virginia.  His father Benjamin had signed the American Declaration of Independence in 1776 when William was 3 years old.

Harrison later served in Congress and as a minister to Colombia.  In 1840, the Whig party asked Harrison to run against the President, Martin Van Buren.  Van Buren had become unpopular because of an ongoing economic depression.

With John Tyler as his vice-presidential running mate, Old Tippecanoe was the first to use a campaign slogan.  “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too” is still one of the most memorable campaign slogans ever.  Harrison defeated Van Buren by a wide margin.

Within one month of taking the oath of office, Harrison caught a cold, then pneumonia.  He became the first US president to die while in office.  Harrison, 68, was the oldest of the first nine presidents.

John Tyler -  was born in 1790 to a family of Virginia planters.  Trained as a lawyer, he served as a state delegate and governor of Virginia, as a Congressman, and as vice president for one month under President William Henry Harrison.

When Harrison died after just one month in office, Tyler became the first vice president to assume the presidency on the death of the elected president, as the US Constitution required.  Yet the Constitution didn’t give many details about how this was to be done.  This made many people wonder whether Tyler was a full-fledged president or not.

Some called Tyler “His Accidency” and considered him only an acting president with limited powers.  But Tyler was ready to take on all the duties and powers of an elected president, and he did so.

His party became unhappy with Tyler, however, when they saw how independently he tended to act.  When he vetoed a national bank bill that the Whigs favored, almost his entire cabinet resigned in protest.  He was also in favor of Texas becoming a state, which was a hotly debated topic at the time.  Just three days before leaving office, he signed the bill that annexed Texas.

James K. Polk - America’s eleventh president, was born in 1795 in North Carolina.  Despite his serving six terms in Congress (including four years as Speaker of the House) and one term as Governor of Tennessee, he was relatively unknown.  This made him the first national “dark horse” candidate when the Democratic Party nominated him to run for President of the United States.  He narrowly won the presidency over Henry Clay.

Polk strongly believed in “manifest destiny,” the idea that the United States was clearly meant to expand across North America.  During his time in office, Polk helped the country grow by more than one million square miles.  Oregon and Washington were annexed from Great Britain; California and New Mexico were added through war with Mexico; and Texas’s border was expanded to the Rio Grande.

Polk worked hard and rarely asked anyone to help him.  He hardly even took a day of vacation while he was president.  As he had pledged, he served for only one term.  He died in Nashville, Tennessee, just three and a half months after leaving office.

Zachary Taylor -  the twelfth president, was born in 1784 in Virginia.  Soon after his birth, his family moved to a plantation near Louisville, Kentucky, where he then grew up. Taylor began a long career in the Army when he was 23, soon after Lewis and Clark returned from their explorations.  Over the following 30 years, he served in many frontier outposts from Louisiana to northern Wisconsin.  The way he led forces to victories in the Mexican-American War earned him the nickname “Old Rough and Ready.”

Taylor became a national hero and an obvious choice as a candidate for the presidency.  In 1848, he won the general election in a three-candidate race, as a Whig.  He had much military experience, but little as a holder of public office.  The Whigs were dismayed to find him an independent thinker, not dedicated to only the party’s ideas.

More to come:
13. Millard Fillmore
14. Franklin Pierce
15. James Buchanan
16. Abraham Lincoln
17. Andrew Johnson
18. Ulysses S. Grant
19. Rutherford B. Hayes
20. James Garfield
21. Chester Arthur
22. Grover Cleveland
23. Benjamin Harrison
24. Grover Cleveland
25. William McKinley
26. Theodore Roosevelt
27. William Howard Taft
28. Woodrow Wilson
29. Warren Harding
30. Calvin Coolidge
31. Herbert Hoover
32. Franklin D. Roosevelt
33. Harry Truman
34. Dwight D. Eisenhower
35. John F. Kennedy
36. Lyndon B. Johnson
37. Richard M. Nixon
38. Gerald Ford

More facts about the United States dollar coin:

    Statistics - Diameter: 26.5 mm, Weight: 8.1g,  Composition: Manganese-Brass Thickness: 2 mm Edge: edge-lettering

   Key dates - N/A

   Common known errors and varieties - 2007

  •  Washington: Plain Edge

  •  Adams: Plain Edge, double edge, rotated reverse

  • Jefferson: Plain Edge, Clashed die,

  • Madison: Starburst

   In closing - Like the Statehood quarter series this should be a fun series to collect. It will be more difficult or challenging as dollar coins don't circulate as much as quarters do.  As with the quarters you will have several options: all Denver Mint, all Philadelphia Mint, Both P & D, or the whole set P & D, P & D SMS, and Proof.


All picture are "United States Mint Images".

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